Distilled water is the most purified form of water which is gained by condensation. In this process impure water collected from any source such as wells, sea, tap, snow, streams, or plants roots or even damp rock can be purified. Water distillation is carried out to gain purest form of water or at times where clean drinking water is not available like while you are on camping. There are different processes to carry out distillation process.
The best way is to distill water at homes so that you can save your money rather than investing huge amounts in buying it. Distill water is 99.9% pure water, thus mostly it is used for medical purposes. There are several methods used to carry out the process of distillation which totally depends upon the resources available that whether you are distilling impure water from taps, salty water of seas, or getting them from plants or damp rocks.
How to get distilled water:
There are different methods to get distilled water. However, it totally depends upon us which method we use according to the circumstances.
- How to get distill water at homes.
- How to get distill water from rain or snow
- How to get distill water using home distillation kits
- How to get distill water from plants or damp rocks
Distill water at your homes:
You can get distilled water at your homes quite easily. You just need a few kitchen equipment to carry out the distillation process.
1. Material required:
Here is a recommended material list:
- 5-gallon steel or aluminum pot
- lid for the pot
- Glass or metal bowl that floats over the water
- Ice cubes in ice bags
- Hot pads
- Partially fill in the pot with water.
- Then fix the collection bowl in the pot over the water. This will collect water which will drip from the inverted lid, so the size of the bowl must be big enough to collect all the dripping and stop water from just dripping back into the main pot.
- Set the lid upside down and now turn the heat on of the stove. Bring water to its boiling point.
- When water starts heating, Place ice cubes on top of the lid of the pot. This will help steam to condense and convert vapors again into droplets.
- When distilled water is collected in the bowl, turn the heat off and be incredibly careful while you remove distilled water bowl.
- Store carefully.
Collect Water in an Outside Container
If you think that the distilled water can be mixed with the impure water, you can collect water in an outside container. A similar method is used for the purpose just you need to make a few changes. Instead of a small bowl you may need a funnel. In this process you can be as creative as you want to be. You can also use bottles instead of bowls.
Using funnel is the better option. In this process funnel is placed over the boiling water which is thus connected with the bottle in with water is to be collected with the help of tube. The tube must be arranged in such a way that collecting bottle lies in its lower end. This process is preferable if the little amount of water is to be collected. However, the collecting process is much more secure, and the risk of contamination is reduced to a great extent.
Distillation of rainwater or snow:
Rainwater and snow are present in their distilled form naturally. Water evaporates are condensed in the atmosphere from the natural water sources such as ocean, lakes, or the rivers. The water from these sources is distilled water unless the area is not polluted. If the atmosphere is unpolluted then collect the rainwater or snow in a clean container. Cover the container and let the sediments and other particles to settle in the bottom of the bowl. Mostly this water is clean to drink. Just the pour the water in airtight containers and it is ready to use. However, you can also include filtration device if you want such as installing filter paper or else boil it. Distilled water can be stored either in refrigerator or else in a clean, sealed bottle at room temperature.
Use Home Water Distillation Kits:
Collecting distilled water from rainwater or snow is cheaper but is a hectic task to do. Whereas water distillation costs huge money when done at home on stove as it uses fuel or electricity to heat the impure water. However buying distilled water from market is far cheaper than homemade distilled water. Keeping in view aforementioned facts, the home-based water distillations kits are best of all if you buy the inexpensive one.
Distill Water from Plants or damp rocks
Sometimes in emergency situations where you have no access to drinking water nor there are any natural water sources then you can also distill water from plants, muds, or damp rocks. Below mentioned is the simple method to distill water from plants.
1. Material required:
- Green plants preferably of thick stem
- Plastic wrap
- Any container
- Dig the hole in the mud under sunlight.
- Place the container in the center of the hole to collect the water.
- Collect the plants in the hole around the container.
- Cover the hole with plastic wrap. Heat will be trapped inside with the greenhouse effect which will aid evaporation.
- Place a pebble in the center of the wrap to produce depression thus causing distillation of water. Keep on adding fresh plants to keep the process going. Cacti and ferns are better choices.
Distilled water is the purest form of water that has been obtained through the process of distillation. It is 99.9% pure which is free of all the minerals and salts. Distilled water is mostly used for car batteries and medical purposes. It prevents the iron eroding. On freezing it gives clear ice cubes. Due to its multiple benefits, it has become very demanding. Using any of the aforementioned methods you can get distilled water.